Historic lesson with Noémie ⛲️ 🗺
Who are you Noemie? Were you born in this island?
I’m a 22 years, born in metropolitan France and came to live in Martinique, the land of my origins, when I was a child.
What is your passion?
I’m passionate about photography and graphic designer. I’m also a semi-finalist in a Miss contest, which gradually led me into modelling.
How often do you visit the Fort de France Library?
I often went to the Schoelcher library when I was a child. I use to borrowed few books for junior high and high school. The atmosphere was mostly quiet and an ideal place to revisit and work as a group for presentations.
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Fort de France Theatre is an old building. What are your memories in this place?
The Fort-de-France theatre was an old town hall, it’s a historical monument. It was renamed to Théâtre Aimé Césaire as a tribute to him. I did 6 years of theatre, during which I had the opportunity perform in the amazing theatre.
We choose the scene of two iconic place for culture. Can you tell us why the history is so unique in this city ?
Fort-de-France is the capital of Martinique and Aimé Cesaire, "poet, cantor of Negritude" was the mayor for 56 consecutive years. He will remain the emblematic figure. The culture of Martinique is unique because it belongs to the crossbreeding of different cultures whose traces can be traced to the architectural monuments of the city of Fort de France, but also in the Creole language, cooking, musical instruments etc.
The Schoelcher Library, built by Henry Picq, a disciple of Gustave Eiffel. The style of the building is a mixture of Byzantine, Art Nouveau, Egyptian and Western classical influences.
It was first presented at the Universal Exhibition of 1889 in Paris, before being dismantled and transported by boat to Fort de France.
It is named after Victor Schoelcher, former member of Martinique and representative of the abolitionist slavery movement, who donated his large collection of 10,000 books so that a library is open to everyone in Martinique but is particularly accessible To the former black slaves in order to instruct them.
The Fort de France theatre, was the former town hall. It is a neo-classical stone building built in 1884. It’s a historical monument. It was renamed Théâtre Aimé Césaire as a tribute to this one.
The Italian-style theatre now hosts various exhibitions and shows. There are performances of dance and classical music, but also traditional Martinique, as well as the most classical theatre plays of the French comedy, and sometimes cinematographic productions.
The Carnival of Martinique is born in full colonisation in Saint-Pierre, former capital. It was the mix of African, European and Caribbean culture. Every year Fort-de-France, attracts the largest number of visitors for its carnival during our four festive days.
Some carnival costumes, such as the "Diables Rouge »", "Marianela peau figue" (Mariane lapo fig), "Neg Gwo Siwo", "Hommes d’argiles", "Touloulous", stem from the cultural mix of the Caribbean.
The carnival is "ruled" by the king of the carnival "Vaval", a giant puppet that represents each year either a character, or a miscellaneous fact or political local, national or international derisory purpose. It’s burnt at the woodcut on the fourth day of carnival to seal the end of the festivities.
Describe your island in 3 words.
History, Mixed, Surprising.
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